Feast of Our Lady of Lourdes:
15th Day of February
During the Spanish Period, the present site of Barangay Biga was a dense forest. In 1751 a group of people from the other parts of Luzon inhabited the place. Five families build their houses near the sea coast and engage in fishing and farming.
During the time, people were afraid of Spaniards, so when they came to the place, the residents evacuated to a certain area known as “Ka-bigaan”, a place where Biga plants were rapidly grown. From this name “BIGA” was given.
Barangay Biga was established as a barangay in the year 1945 through a persistent request of the people of the community and the municipal officials of Magallanes/ Senior Domingo was the first Barangay Captain.
Biga has a total land area of 233 hectares. It is located at the northeastern part of Bagatao Islands facing Sorsogon Bay. At present, it is composed of 218 households and inhabited by 1,082 people engage in farming and traditional fishing. It has also six (6) school buildings with seven (7) teachers and one (1) OIC Head. The people of Biga are God-fearing, peaceful and resourceful. They love their works in a legal and simple way. They abide by the rules of the community that is why illegal fishing is strictly implemented in the barangay.
“Isang maka-Diyos, mapayapa at progresibong Barangay na may malusog na mamamayan at may maayos, malinis na kapaligiran.”
“Maayos na serbisyo sa pamamagitan ng paggawa ng mga batas at maipatupad ang mga programang pang-edukasyon, kalusugan, kapayapaan at pangkapaligiran.”
Barangay Biga is one of the coastal rural barangay in the municipality of Magallanes, province of Sorsogon. It is bounded on the north by Sorsogon, on the south by Barangay Behia, by Barangay Poblacion on the east and Ticao pass on the west. It has a total land area of 233.8146 hectares divided into seven (7) puroks.
It has a total population of 1152 individuals composed of 599 males and 553 females and a total household of 218 with an average household size of 5 individuals based on Rapid Community Based Monitoring System Census of 2014.
Barangay Biga has 19 children under 1 year old and 169 children 0-5 years old. Children 6-12 years old is composed of 238, these are the children in elementary years while there are only 133 members 13-16 years old in high school years. There are 304 members of the labor force who are employed.
The Barangay Health Center of Biga is the primary health care provider in the barangay administered by the Barangay Health Worker and assisted by Midwife from the Municipal Health Office. There is also a Barangay Nutrition Scholar who organizes nutrition-related programs, projects and activities in the barangay. Based on the result of the validation, there are 11 malnourished children in the barangay and there were no records of children under 5 years old who died and women who died due to pregnancy related causes.
Barangay Biga has a Day Care Center which accommodates children ages 3-5 and an elementary school from Grade 1 to Grade 6. The nearest high school is located in Bagatao High School of Barangay Behia approximately 2.5 km.
The barangay is accessible through motorized or non-motorized boats but regular trips going to and from the barangay is not yet established. There are no credit institutions in the barangay however it is only 15 minutes away from the Central Business District of the municipality of Magallanes where lending institutions are present.
The barangay’s source of water came from Dumalwa Spring through the Municipal Waterworks System wherein 203 households have access while the remaining 15 households which are located distant from the center of the barangay are using water from dug wells.
Electricity in the barangay is accessed only by 67 households through the Sorsogon Electric Cooperative I (SORECO I), the local electric cooperative servicing the southern part of Sorsogon province. However, at present, the barangay had availed of the program for indigent household electrification which will be implemented this year, 2015.
Eighty percent of the households in the barangay are burning their garbage or waste (175), 32% are into composting and 17.43% and 15.6% are throwing garbage in an open pit and into bodies of water such as river, respectively. Some households are practicing waste segregation (52) while some are throwing in a closed pit (76). There are also a 31 households who are practicing waste recycling in the barangay.
The proposed residential zone are the lots along barangay road to Behia which includes Lots 7114-69,7114-87,7114-90,7114-93,7114-105,7114-92,7714-107,7714-106 and 7114-55.The expansions of barangay Site are lots 3611,3610,3612 and 3613.Portion of lot 7714 near the watch tower is to be declared as tourism zone while lots near the shore must be restricted to residential structures.
Barangay Biga has a total population of 1,152 and a total household of 218 with an average household size of 5 individuals based on Rapid Community Based Monitoring System Census of 2014. Among puroks, the most populated is Purok 1 with 205 individuals and the least populated is Purok 6 with 123 individuals.
There are 599 males and 553 females in the barangay based on the Rapid Community Based Monitoring System (RCBMS) Survey of 2014. The age – group population structure (Figure 1) shows that the barangay has a dominant young population consisting of age groups 1 to 19 years old. The broad – based pyramid resulted from a high fertility and mortality in the past.
Based on the figure above, the barangay has 18 children under 1 year old and 169 children 0-5 years old. Children 6-12 years old is composed of 238, these are the children in elementary years while there are only 133 members 13-16 years old in high school years. There are 304 members of the labor force.
Health and Nutrition
The result of the survey in Biga showed that there are 11 malnourished children in the Barangay which is lower in proportion compared to the benchmark. This is because of the intensive monitoring and campaign in terms of proper nutrition. There were no cases of child deaths below 5 and women who died due to pregnancy-related causes in the past twelve months. This can be attributed from the regular programs conducted by the Municipal Health Office such as regular check-up and immunization of pregnant women and monitoring of the health condition of children.
In Biga, all of the households are single houses and there were no households identified as living in makeshift houses. There are 49 households identified as informal settlers as shown in the figure below. Based on validation result, the informal settlers are situated in government lands.
Water and Sanitation
The water need of the locality is sourced from Municipal Waterworks System which serves the majority of the households in the barangay wherein 82% is accessing a Level II potable water supply. There are 76 households in the barangay without access to sanitary toilet facility which constitutes 34.86% of the total household.
In the barangay, there is only one (1) child not attending elementary and no child not attending high school with a total of one child age 6-16 years old not attending school. As a result of discussion during validation, the only child not attending school has mental incapability.
Peace and Order
Based on the result of the survey, there were no victims of crime recorded in the barangay. According to the Punong Barangay, this must be the result of the intensive surveillance of Barangay Tanods and Kagawad.
Source: Socio-Economic Profile and Barangay Development Plan of Brgy. Biga